Wild Flowers Provence

Identify wild flowers, trees, shrubs, orchids and other plants in Provence, France.

Environ 2800 photos de près de 700 plantes sauvages.  Comment le voir en français.
Around 2800 photos of nearly 700 wild plants.
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Succisa pratensis

Succise des prés
Devil’s-bit Scabious

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Les Maures

Flower colour

purple

Flower size

25 mm

Flowering months

July,

August,

September,

October

Leaf type

Lanceolate,

Elliptic

Height

to 80 cm

Description

flowerhead similar to Scabious. The stalk is branched, sturdy, softly hairy, with dark red patches. It grows in damp meadows or ditches.

It was a much-used herb from the Middle Ages until the 1900’s. In folklore the plant was given the name ‘Devil’s bit’ referring to the shape of the root: it ends abruptly as though bitten off. It used to be called Scabiosa succisa, the word succisa meaning bitten off or cut off.

The leaves were once used to dye wool the colour green.

Flowers

Flowers purplish or pink with pink anthersupper fertile part of the stamen containing the pollen in rounded heads, 15-25 mm. Narrow pointed green bracts.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf, Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle. Basal leaves: oval to long, pointed, entire, to 30 cm.
Stem leaves: long, pointed, opposite.

Fruits Seeds

Achene: a cluster of 1-seeded fruit.

Medical

Roots: once used to treat scabies and other skin problems; also external wounds, ringworm, thrush and intestinal worms.

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