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Sisymbrium officinale

Herbe aux chantres
Hedge Mustard

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Littoral

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

3-4 mm

Flowering months

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September

Leaf type

Pinnatisect

Height

to 80 cm

Description

An upright, stiff, bristly plant recognisable by its branching habit and the upright pods aligned against the stem.

Formerly called Erysimum officinale. It has a long history and is still used today by herbalists. In folk medicine it was used for hoarseness and weak lungs. The French name, ‘Herbe aux chantres’, reflects the use of the plant to remedy loss of voice.

Flowers

Tiny yellow flowers at the end of the branches, in clusters.

Leaves

Pinnatisect leaf is deeply lobed, almost to the central midrib. Deeply lobed with lobes almost to central midrib or entire. The margins can be serrated or lobed.

Fruits Seeds

Schizocarp: a pod containing orange-brown seeds that splits into single seeded parts when ripe. The pods are upright, aligned against the stem, 7-18 mm.

Edible

Young leaves are used in salads, soups, omelettes and sauces. Seeds can be made into a mustard-like paste.

Medical

Whole plant, flowering parts and leaves: used since the time of the Greeks to treat throat and bronchial problems and to benefit the digestion.

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