Wild Flowers Provence

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Salix caprea

Saule marsault
Pussy Willow

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

♂ 30-70 mm

Flowering months

March,

April

Leaf type

Elliptic

Height

10 m

Description

The leaves are broader than any other Willow. The flowers appear before the leaves.

Damp, swampy conditions.

Flowers

Male and female flowers (catkins) are on separate trees. The male catkins are round, grey, silky turning yellow; the female catkins are elongated in shape, curled.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf. Oval, alternate, serrated or entire, long stalked, 4-10 cm long, 5 cm wide.

Fruits Seeds

Capsule: long, in 2 parts, splitting open when ripe to reveal cotton-woolly fluffy seeds, to be dispersed by the wind.

Medical

Bark: willow bark has been used since the 1st century A.D. for pain relief and to lower fever. Willow yields salicylic acid, which was first synthesized in 1838 and provides the basis of aspirin.

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