Wild Flowers Provence

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Quercus ilex

Chêne Vert
Holm Oak

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

tiny

Flowering months

April,

May

Leaf type

Elliptic,

Ovate

Height

20 m

Description

A very common, and sometimes impressive and ancient tree in the Var. The English name ‘Holm’ is an old name for ‘Holly’ as the leaves can resemble those of the Holly; the lower leaves often larger and spiny, the upper leaves narrower, not spiny and often turned over at the edges as a protection against the light and heat of the sun.

The wood is hard and tough, used since ancient times for pillars, tools, vessels, wagons and wine casks. It is used for firewood and to make charcoal.

Flowers

Male flowers, catkins, are long and yellow.
Female flowers, tiny, grouped together in 1-3’s.

Leaves

Ovate leaf is egg-shaped, wider at base, Elliptic oval leaf. Leathery, oblong to oval. They can be entire, spiny-toothed or serrated, 2-8 cm.

Fruits Seeds

Nut: Acorn, a hard shelled pod that contains the fruit and seed of the plant; it does not open to release seeds.

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