Wild Flowers Provence

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Quercus coccifera

Chène kermès
Kermes Oak

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

♂ 30-50 mm

Flowering months

March,

April,

May

Leaf type

Elliptic

Height

to 2 m

Description

The common scrub oak of the Mediterranean, often smaller than 2 m. The acorns take 18 months to mature.

The female Kermes scale insect feeds on the sap of the Kermes oak producing a red dye which is the source of natural crimson. The words crimson and carmine derive from the word ‘kermes’.

Flowers

Male flowers, catkins, smooth. Female flowers, solitary.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf. Oval, holly-like, spiny, pointed, leathery, dark green, 1-4 cm.

Fruits Seeds

Nut: Acorn, a hard shelled pod that contains the fruit and seed of the plant; it does not open to release seeds. The acorn cup has sharp hooked points. 1-3 cm.

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