The Romans discovered the fruit during their wars with Carthage (Punic Wars 3rd – 2nd century BC) and introduced the fruit into Europe.
Very attractive orange-red flowers, with 5-7 wavy-edged petals and numerous stamens.
Elliptic oval leaf. Narrowly oval, in bunches, with short-stalks, mid-green.
Berry: round with tough outer skin, 50-80 mm.
Juice: special flavour, bitter and sweet. To make grenadine syrup the juice needs to be diluted with water. Pomegranate molasses is used in Middle Eastern cuisine.
Leaves: have antibacterial properties and can be applied externally to sores.
Rind: used in decoctions to treat dysentery and diarrhoea.
Bark of the root: effective in expelling tapeworms.