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Prunus dulcis

Amandier
Almond Tree

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

white,

pink

Flower size

40-50 mm

Flowering months

March,

April

Leaf type

Elliptic

Height

9 m

Description

There are 2 types of almond trees, Prunus dulcis (sweet almond) and Prunus dulcis var. amara (bitter almond); it is very difficult to tell them apart. How the sweet almond was selected remains a mystery. The bitter almond nuts are broader and shorter than those of sweet almonds.

Flowers

The flowers appear before the leaves, bright pink in bud but fading to pale pink or white.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf. Oval, finely serrated, alternate on the branch. In bud the leaves are folded in half.

Fruits Seeds

Drupe: outer fleshy parts surround a shell with a seed inside.

Edible

Fruit: Sweet almonds feature in sweet and savoury dishes worldwide. Bitter almonds contain ‘prussic acid’ which has to be removed before use.

Medical

Fruit: sweet almond oil is a very gentle oil, often used as a base oil for essential oils.

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