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Pistacia lentiscus

Le pistachier lentisque
Mastic Tree

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

red

Flower size

30 mm

Flowering months

March,

April,

May,

June

Leaf type

Pinnate

Height

3 m

Description

The Mastic Tree is native to the Mediterranean region. When crushed, the leaves give off a strong resin smell.  

On the Greek Island of Chios the resin is collected by making incisions in the trunk.

The wood is used in carpentry, toothpicks and cabinet making.

Flowers

Flowers in clusters, the male with dark red anthers, the female green.

Leaves

Pinnate row of leaflets on either side of the stem . Rows of leaflets on either side of the stem, no end leaflet.

Fruits Seeds

Berry: red, 4-5 mm.

Edible

Resin: in confectionary like ‘Turkish Delight’. One of the earliest uses of mastic was in chewing gum.

Medical

Resin: called ‘Gum Mastic’ is used to treat peptic ulcers. It has been used to treat the Helicobacter pylori bacteria.

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