Wild Flowers Provence

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Pinus pinea

Pin parasol
Umbrella Pine

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

♀12 mm

Flowering months

June

Leaf type

Needle

Height

30 m

Description

Native to the Mediterranean region. The tree is easily recognisable, because of its characteristic ‘umbrella shape’ when mature. The bark is grey-brown in colour, flaking, to reveal orange-red patches.

The cones stay closed for 3 years. The seeds are well hidden inside the cone, covered in black soot; inside the seed are the actual pine nuts. 

 

Flowers

The male flowers are golden in colour and grow in groups.
The female flowers are yellowish-green in groups of 1-3.

Leaves

Needle leaf is narrow, pointed, like a needle, e.g. Pinus. In pairs.

Fruits Seeds

Cone: egg-shaped to oval, 10-15 cm long.

Edible

Nuts: pine nuts are used extensively in Mediterranean cuisine and are one of the main ingredients in Italian pesto sauce.

Medical

Nuts: high in protein, mono-saturated fats, vitamin E and minerals such as magnesium and potassium.

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