Wild Flowers Provence

Identify wild flowers, trees, shrubs, orchids and other plants in Provence, France.

Environ 2800 photos de près de 700 plantes sauvages.  Comment le voir en français.
Around 2800 photos of nearly 700 wild plants: guide.

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Pinus pinea

Pin parasol
Umbrella Pine


Additional information

Plant family


Provence Verte

Flower colour


Flower size

♀12 mm

Flowering months


Leaf type



30 m


Native to the Mediterranean region. The tree is easily recognisable, because of its characteristic ‘umbrella shape’ when mature. The bark is grey-brown in colour, flaking, to reveal orange-red patches.

The cones stay closed for 3 years. The seeds are well hidden inside the cone, covered in black soot; inside the seed are the actual pine nuts. 



The male flowers are golden in colour and grow in groups.
The female flowers are yellowish-green in groups of 1-3.


Needle leaf is narrow, pointed, like a needle, e.g. Pinus. In pairs.

Fruits Seeds

Cone: egg-shaped to oval, 10-15 cm long.


Nuts: pine nuts are used extensively in Mediterranean cuisine and are one of the main ingredients in Italian pesto sauce.


Nuts: high in protein, mono-saturated fats, vitamin E and minerals such as magnesium and potassium.

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