Wild Flowers Provence

Identify wild flowers, trees, shrubs, orchids and other plants in Provence, France.

Environ 2800 photos de près de 700 plantes sauvages.  Comment le voir en français.
Around 2800 photos of nearly 700 wild plants: guide.
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Ophrys incubacea

Ophrys noir

Spider Orchid


Additional information

Plant family


Provence Verte

Flower colour


Flower size

lip 20-25 mm

Flowering months




Leaf type




20-50 cm


The name incubacea may came from the Latin word ‘incubus’, referring to the dark colour of the lip. It was first described by Botanist Giuseppe Blanca in 1842.


The inflorescence bears 3-8 rather large flowers in a loose spike. The 3 sepals are light green in colour, the petals are darker than the sepals, brownish-green or brownish-red-green with wavy borders and truncated tips. The stigmatic cavity has a white spot in the background and its outer wall is edged in white. The lip is dark brown or black in colour with densely hairy borders. The basal background is dark or reddish brown. The macula has 2 bluish or grey parallel bands.


Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle, Ovate leaf is egg-shaped, wider at base. Basal leaves are oval to long, wider in the middle but blunt; stem leaves narrow and pointed.

Fruits Seeds

Capsule: numerous seeds.

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