Wild Flowers Provence

Identify wild flowers, trees, shrubs, orchids and other plants in Provence, France.

Environ 2800 photos de près de 700 plantes sauvages.  Comment le voir en français.
Around 2800 photos of nearly 700 wild plants: guide.

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Ophrys apifera

Ophrys abeille
Bee Orchid


Additional information

Plant family


Provence Verte

Flower colour


Flower size

lip 11-13 mm

Flowering months



Leaf type




25-45 cm


Insects are attracted to the Bee Orchids by their scent and their appearance, both of which mimic that of the female insect of whichever species of pollinator is needed for a particular variety of Bee Orchid.

A tuberous perennial with enlarged underground structures used for storage of nutrients.


The flower spike can carry up to 15 flowers, usually between 2-9. Each individual flower has 3 pink sepals with a central green vein and 2 very small lateral petals. The lip is brown or purplish brown, with 2 lateral lobes, short and hairy, and a central darker ‘mirror’ (speculum) with a cream border. The distinctive curved apex of the column enables its unique system of self-pollination.


Elliptic oval leaf, Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle. Basal leaves are oval to long, wider in the middle, blunt; stem leaves smaller.

Fruits Seeds

Capsule: numerous seeds.

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