Wild Flowers Provence

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Medicago sativa

Luzerne cultivée
Lucerne or Alfalfa

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

purple

Flower size

7-11 mm

Flowering months

June,

July

Leaf type

Lanceolate,

Elliptic,

Trifoliate

Height

40-90 cm

Description

A cultivated clover grown as livestock fodder and as green manure. It self-seeds in open places, next to vineyards, or country roads. Many plants in the Fabaceae family have a relationship with bacteria in the soil. The bacteria take the nitrogen that exists in the air pockets in the soil and feed it through the roots to the plant; in return the plant gives carbohydrates to the bacteria. In green manure the crop is turned under, in doing so, fertilising the soil with nitrogen.

Flowers

Flowers in 5-40 flowered racemes.

Leaves

Trifoliate with three leaflets, Elliptic oval leaf, Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle. Three leaflets, oval to long, pointed. Terminal leaflet is stalked. Tip of the leaves have toothed margins.

Fruits Seeds

Pod: in a cluster, each pod curled into a circle, with a hole in the middle, 5-6 mm.

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