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Lavandula angustifolia

Lavande
Lavender

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Sainte Baume

Flower colour

purple

Flower size

10-12 mm

Flowering months

June,

July,

August

Leaf type

Linear

Height

in flower 60-80 cm

Description

Lavandula angustifolia grows at altitudes between 600 to 1400 metres. It flowers from end of June to end of August, depending on climatic conditions. Each seed can produce a Lavender plant, each plant is different.

When you see a large field of monotone looking Lavenders you are most likely seeing a field of Lavandin, for example on the Plateau de Valensole. Lavandin is a cross between Lavendula angustifolia and Lavandula latifolia. Where both types of Lavender meet, at around 600 m, natural hybridisation occurs. Lavandin is sterile and can only be cloned or in vitro to produce new plants.

There exists a cloned variety of Lavandula angustifolia called ‘Maillette’ which is cultivated for the essential oil industry. As it is cloned it has a monotone appearance, it is shorter than Lavandin and is normally grown at higher altitudes.

Flowers

The flowers are bluish purple, borne in long stalked spikes, 20-80 mm, often interrupted below.

Leaves

Linear narrow blade leaf, like grass. Narrow, linear, aromatic, greenish-grey leaves.

Fruits Seeds

Nut: small, brown enclosed in the calyx.

Edible

The flowers give a special flavour to cakes.

Medical

Essential oil: has antiseptic, bactericidal, anti-inflammatory and wound-healing properties and has a regulating influence on the nervous system.

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