Wild Flowers Provence

Identify wild flowers, trees, shrubs, orchids and other plants in Provence, France.

Environ 2800 photos de près de 700 plantes sauvages.  Comment le voir en français.
Around 2800 photos of nearly 700 wild plants.
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Laurus nobilis

Laurier sauce
Bay Tree

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

10 mm

Flowering months

March,

April

Leaf type

Lanceolate,

Elliptic

Height

10 m

Description

Laurus’ means to praise and ‘nobilis’ means renowned or famous. In classical times, scholars and the victors in competitive sporting games were crowned with laurel leaves. The French educational term ‘baccalaureate’ is derived from ‘baccae lauri’, an old name for Laurus nobilis.

Grows in light forests near water. Widely grown for its culinary use.

Flowers

The flowers are greenish yellow, 4 petalled, borne in small clusters in the leaf axils; male and female separate but on the same tree.

Leaves

Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle, Elliptic oval leaf. Long, pointed to oval, speckled with oil glands, often with undulated margins.

Fruits Seeds

Drupe: outer fleshy parts surround a shell or pit with a seed inside, 1-2 cm.

Edible

Leaves: together with parsley and thyme are the main ingredient in ‘bouquet garni’, used in soups, stews and sauces.

Medical

Leaves: used in food, to help the digestion and avoid bloating. They have antiseptic properties. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat mouth ulcers, inflammation of the gums and throat infections.

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