Wild Flowers Provence

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Juniperis communis

Genévrier commun
Common Juniper

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

yellow

Flower size

♂ 4-5 mm ♀2 mm

Flowering months

April,

May,

June

Leaf type

Needle

Height

5 m

Description

A dense evergreen conifer. The tree is dioecious (male and female on different plants).

Pine forests, rocky areas on calcareous soils.

Flowers

The male part is catkin-like, yellow and falls off soon after pollination, female cone is green turning blue-black as it matures. It takes 2 years for the cone to ripen.

Leaves

Needle leaf is narrow, pointed, like a needle, e.g. Pinus. In whorls of three, pointed and with 1 central white stripe, 11-18 mm.

Fruits Seeds

Cone: berry-like with fleshy scales, turning from green to blue-black.

Edible

Berries: are used to flavour meat, gin, sauerkraut, vegetables and liqueurs.

Medical

Berries: used as an urinary antiseptic, specifically for cystitis or to increase gastric secretions and improve the appetite.

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