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Juglans regia

Noyer
Walnut

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

green

Flower size

♂ 60-130 mm ♀small

Flowering months

May

Leaf type

Pinnate

Height

30 m

Description

Juglans regia is valued for its fruit and for its wood used in carpentry, hence acquiring the name ‘regia’, meaning royal. Juglans regia trees release colourants that inhibit the growth of other plants around it.

The green husks and fresh leaves have been used for centuries as a brown dye.

Flowers

The male flowers are cylindrical drooping catkins, the female flowers are small, in groups of 1-5, round with curled edges.

Leaves

Pinnate row of leaflets on either side of the stem. Rows of 7-9 leaflets on either side of the stem, oval, 5-12.5 cm.

Fruits Seeds

Drupe: outer fleshy parts surrounds a shell/pit with a seed inside, round and smooth.

Edible

Nut: eaten as a fruit or in the form of cold pressed walnut oil.

Medical

Nut: contains minerals and Omega 3 fatty acids, found in the bitter pith surrounding the nut.
Leaves: in herbal medicine the leaves are used to treat eruptive skin conditions.

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