Wild Flowers Provence

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Iris germanica

Iris d’Allemagne
Tall Bearded Iris

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

purple,

blue

Flower size

9-11 cm

Flowering months

April,

May,

June

Leaf type

Linear

Height

1 m

Description

Very variable, with a number of ‘species’ in different parts of the Mediterranean. A rhizomatous perennial.

Dry, rocky places.

Iris germanica subsp. florentina has pure white flowers, occasionally with a slight hint of blue or lilac and a pale yellow beard. It has been grown commercially (perfume industry) in France and Italy for its violet scent which is derived from the rhizomes.

Flowers

Fragrant. Flowers violet-blue with the standard (upright part) somewhat lighter in colour; the falls have a yellow beard along the centre. The spathe is green in the lower half with papery membranes above.

Leaves

Linear narrow blade leaf, like grass. Sword-shaped, 2-4.5 cm wide.

Fruits Seeds

Pod: containing seeds.

Medical

Roots: fresh root of Iris Germanica is a powerful purgative and was used to treat dropsy.

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