Wild Flowers Provence

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Ilex aquifolium

Houx
Holly

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

white

Flower size

small

Flowering months

May,

June

Leaf type

Elliptic

Height

10 m

Description

Holly branches, with bright red berries, have a long association in northern Europe with Christmas. Until the 17th century Holly was known as ‘Holy Tree’. Ilex was the ancient name for Quercus ilex (Holm Oak), while aquifolium means point (aqui) and leaf (folium), referring to the shape of the leaves.

It grows in deep shade on a wide range of well drained soil types, including light and heavy soils.

Flowers

Male and female flowers on separate trees. Inconspicuous flowers with 4 white petals.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf. Oval, wavy, pointed, spiky margins, 9 cm long.

Fruits Seeds

Drupe: with outer fleshy parts, surrounding a pit with a seed inside, 9 mm.

Medical

Leaves: to treat fevers, bronchitis and rheumatism. Berries are a purgative.

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