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Colchicum autumnale

Colchique d’automne
Autumn Crocus

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Additional information

Plant family

Area

Provence Verte

Flower colour

purple

Flower size

40-60 mm

Flowering months

September,

October

Leaf type

Lanceolate,

Elliptic

Height

30 cm

Description

The fleshy leaves appear in spring, to die down well before flowering in autumn. The stalk is in fact a tube-like structure.

Damp grassy meadows, open woodland, roadsides.

The Greeks already knew that Colchicum autumnalis had medicinal properties, but it was considered too dangerous to use. After new research in the 18th century it came in use to treat gout.

Flowers

Solitary, pale lilac tepals, 3 large ones and 3 smaller ones, white tipped, on a 20 cm long stalk.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf, Lanceolate leaf is lance-shaped: long and widest in the middle. Basal only, oval to oblong, pointed, 15-35 cm long.

Fruits Seeds

Capsule: splits open to release seeds.

Medical

Corms and seeds: to relieve pain and inflammation of acute gout and rheumatism.

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