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Citrus limon

Citronnier
Lemon

Category:

Additional information

Plant family

Area

Littoral

Flower colour

white

Flower size

20 mm

Flowering months

January,

February,

March,

April,

May,

June,

July,

August,

September,

October,

November,

December

Leaf type

Elliptic

Height

4-5 m

Description

The Cédrat was the first citrus fruit to be introduced and cultivated in Europe from the 7th century onwards. It was used to rid linen of insects, to treat poisoning, to calm a cough and to aid the digestion. It was superseded by the Citrus limon, a hybrid of the Cédrat, introduced into southern Europe by the Arabs in the 11th century.

Citrus limon has angular twigs with stout spines. It’s ancestor, the Cédrat, is similar but a much larger fruit (15-24 cm), with a thick, warty, knobbly skin (see photo).

Flowers

The very fragrant flowers are creamy coloured, waxy with 25-40 stamens.

Leaves

Elliptic oval leaf. Oval, shallowly serrated on narrow winged stalks.

Fruits Seeds

Hesperidium: a lemon is a berry with a leathery rind and parchment-like partitions between sections.

Edible

Juice and skin: in confectionary, food preparation, liqueurs such as ‘Limoncello’.

Medical

Leaves: produce an essential oil with strong antibacterial and antiseptic properties. Juice useful to treat nausea.

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